How did the Ottoman Empire go from the leaders of the world to being the “Sick Man of Europe” while under the enlightened leadership and and the blind following of their religious establishment.
If these leaders were so great – both religious and political – then how did they fail to modernize the empire and failed miserably at creating a modern economy and good life for its population.
It should be noted that the Muslim masses were the underclass and the most economically backward segment of the population even under the Ottoman as the Greek Christians and Jews were the business class.
How do those who today who put up the old Ottoman model as a guide to our success for today reconcile the failure of that same model based on similar religious practices of that time.
This article in the Nation gives some anaylsis of the Ottomans and their decent into extreme secularism.